The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
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Domestic Intelligence
Harper's Weekly, March 7, 1868, page 147

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On Friday, February 21, President Johnson transmitted to both Houses of Congress a message announcing that he had removed Secretary of War Stanton, and had appointed Adjutant-General Lorenzo Thomas in his place. Great excitement ensued in both Houses. The Senate at once went into executive session to consider the extraordinary action of the President, and after due deliberation passed a resolution declaring that under the Constitution and laws of the United States, by virtue of whose authority Mr. Johnson claimed to have acted, the President had no power to remove the Secretary of War and designate any other person to perform the duties of that officer ad interim.

In the House action was not less prompt. A resolution to the effect that Andrew Johnson be impeached for high crimes and misdemeanors was offered, and referred to the Committee on Reconstruction. This resolution was reported back by the Committee on February 22, and the debate was begun with great spirit on the same day. It ended on Monday, February 24, at five o’clock p.m., when a vote was taken, and the resolution (which reads thus: "Resolved, That Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, be impeached of high crimes and misdemeanors") was adopted by a vote of 126 yeas to 47 nays.

In the mean time Adjutant-General Thomas had repeatedly demanded possession of the War-office, and had as repeatedly been refused by Secretary Stanton, who also caused his arrest for exercising or attempting to exercise the duties of the Secretary of War.

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